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The System

This system is a simple way of labeling word parts and functions in order to better understand English patterns.

All parts of speech and functions also link to outside sources of additional information. Click to find out more!

Parts of Speech 

-- The "identity" of the word
-- Left side

 Part of Speech  Label used in system Marking
Example
 noun n 
 pronoun pro
pronoun
 proper noun PN 
Proper Noun
verb v
verb 
helping verb hv 
helping verb 
linking verb lv 
 linking verb
 adjective  adj  
adjective
adverb adv  
adverb
 article  (circle) 
article
conjunction (box) 
conjunction
preposition prep ( )
preposition
interjection int
**SPECIAL**  **** *****
gerunds ger 
gerund
participles part 
participle
infinitives inf
infinitive 

For a great site on parts of speech click here!



Functions

-- The function in a specific sentence
-- Right side
   
 Function  Label used in system  Marking
Example
 Subject (underline) 
Simple Subject (just main focus)
Simple Subject

Complex Subject (including modifiers)
Complex Subject
Verb (predicate (double underline) 
"Regular" verb
verb function

Linking verb
linking verb function

Helping verb and "helped" verb
helping verb function 
 Direct Object

d.o. 

d.o. follows a non-linking verb that transfers (transitive verb)
direct object
 Indirect Object

i.o. 
i.o. only occurs when there is a d.o. The i.o. gets/receives the d.o.
indirect object
Subject Complement  s.c. 
The s.c. follows a linking verb. 
The s.c. is connected to the subject.
The s.c. can be any kind of noun or adjective.

Noun s.c.
subject complement noun

Adjective s.c.
subject complement adjective
 Object of the Preposition o.p. 
The o.p. is the last part of a prepositional phrase. It is some kind of noun. 
object of the preposition
 The Appositive app 
The app is a noun phrase that adds more detail to another noun in the sentence.